Know about Srikakulam

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The district of Srikakulam is situated in North of Andhra Pradesh. It was ruled by Chedidianasti kings, Satavahana kings and Golkonda novabs in the olden days. The district of Srikakulam was formed on 15th August, 1950 when India got Independence. Srikakulam is also known to many as Uttarandhra and Kalingandhra. Srikakulam, the northernmost district in Andhra Pradesh, was a part of Visakhapatnam District till it was bifurcated in 1950. Srikakulam town, the headquarters of the district, is located on the east bank of the River Nagavali. Towards the west is Bay of Bengal and towards the South East is Vijayanagaram district and towards north is state of Orissa. Srikakulam was formerly known as Chicacole. Srikakulam has a vast coastline, natural resources, granite fields worth crores of rupees, historic temples.

  • Population: 2.3 millions

Contents

Geography

Srikakulam is the extreme Northeastern District of Andhra Pradesh situated within the geographic co-ordinates of 18°-20° and 19°-10° of Northern latitude and 83°-50° and 84°-50° of Eastern longitude. Srikakulam is surrounded by Vizianagaram district in the south and west, Orissa on the north and Bay of Bengal on the East. The total area of the District is 5837 Sq. Kms. Srikakulam is currently part of the Red Corridor, an area that experiences considerable Naxalite communist insurgency.

  • Area: 5,837 square kilometres (2,254 sq mi)
  • Located 100 kilometers (62 miles) north of Visakhapatnam district.
  • Coastline: 193 km (120 mi) - largest in Andhra Pradesh

See Also: Srikakulam Rivers, Srikakulam Map, Srikakulam Pincodes

Population

According to the 2011 census, the population of Srikakulam district is 2,699,471. The density is 462 inhabitants per square kilometre.

  • Population: 2,699,471 (2011 census)
  • Population density: 462 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,200 /sq mi)
  • Population growth rate: 6.38% from 2001 to 2011
  • Sex ratio: 1014 females for every 1000 males
  • Literacy rate: 62.3%
  • Urban population: 10.98% (2001)

Timeline

  • August 15, 1950 - Srikakulam district carved out of Visakhapatnam District
  • November 1969 - The district loses 53 villages from Saluru Taluk and 44 Villages from Bobbili Taluk and transferred to the newly constituted Gajapathinagaram Taluk of Visakhapatnam District
  • May 1979 - Transfer of Salur, Bobbili, Parvathipuram and Cheepurupalli Taluks to the newly formed Vizianagaram District.

Reaching Srikakulam

  • Air: The nearest airport is at Visakhapatnam which is 106-km away from Srikakulam.
  • Rail: It is an important railway junction on the Howrah-Chennai broad-gauge line, and is well connected by rail with all the important places in the State.
  • Road: It is well connected by road with all the important places in the State.

Climate

The district is long 192kms. This is higher than the other districts. Cold climate also is more when compared to other districts. Summer is from February to June middle. Then southwest monsoon enters and continues till the middle of October. The weather is pleasant from December to February.

Climate: tropical

Temperature Range (deg C)

  • Summer : Max 33, Min 25
  • Winter : Max 28, Min 19

Rainfall: 1086 m.m

  Unit
Area Sq.km. 5837.00 Census 1991
Population '000 2321.13 "
Male '000 1153.82 "
Female '000 1167.31 "
Urban '000 2030.89 "
Rural '000 290.24 "
Population Growth (p.a) % 1.85 "
Population Density (Person/Sq.Km) Nos. 398.00 "
Urbanisation % 12.50 "
Literacy % 36.22 "
Male % 49.14 "
Female % 23.52 "
Workers as % of total population % 48.64 "
Workers % of main Workers
Agriculture & allied activities % 78.16 "
Mining & Quarrying % 0.23 "
Mfg.(Non-household) industries % 3.78 "
Household industries % 2.32 "
Construction % 0.58 "
Services % 14.93 "
Forest Area as % of reporting area % 12.16 1997-98
Gross irrigated area as % of gross cropped area % 46.02  
Value of output of major crops
Per capita food grain production Kg. 143.03 "
Road Length per 100 sq.km. Km. 83.26 1996-97
Railway route length per 100 sq.km. Km. 3.31 "
Post offices per 100,000 persons No. 24.00 "
Bank branches per 100,000 persons No. 5.86 1994-95
Per capita bank deposits Rs. 1229.49 "
Per capita bank credit Rs. 777.08 "
Per capita bank credit to agriculture Rs. 214.98 "
Per hs.bank credit to agriculture Rs. 1241.00 "
Per ha. bank credit to SSIs Rs. 60.10  
Per capita bank credit to Industries Rs. 261.34  

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